The Nature of Rape in the Mankweng Policing Areas of Limpopo Province, South Africa

  • Sekwaila Naum Mamabolo Master of Arts: Criminology Graduate, Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice, University of Limpopo, South Africa
  • Witness Maluleke Senior lecturer, Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice, University of Limpopo, Sovenga, South Africa
  • Khomotjo Lekgau Lecturer, Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice, University of Limpopo, South Africa
  • Tinyiko David Ngoveni Acting Chair of Department, lecturer, Department of Criminology and Security Science, University of South Africa, South Africa
Keywords: Community Members; Exploring, Limpopo Province; Mankweng Policing Areas; Nature0020of Rape, South Africa


The purpose of this study was to explore the community members’ perceptions on the nature of rape in the selected Mankweng policing areas of Limpopo Province, South Africa, namely: Mentz, Ga-Makanye and Ga-Thoka. The qualitative research approach was followed, coupled with the Q-methodology research design and exploratory research objective. About 30 participants were purposively sampled to form part of the Three (03) Focus Groups Discussions (FGDs), consisting of 10 targeted groups, this was aided by the review of seminal literature studies and theoretical [Differential Risk Model] applications on this subject. The inductive Thematic Content Analysis (TCA) was used as a data analysis method. From the consulted studies and empirical study findings, 03 major factors emerged to explain nature of rape existing in the selected study locations, demarcated as follows; 1) Historical context of rape, which include men that are raised in families with strong patriarchal structures and more likely to become violent and force themselves on women, as they feel superior to them, 2) Social context of rape, entailing gender inequality in South African societies where women possess limited powers and authorities, while men impose notions of masculinity, controlling and perceiving that they own women’s sexuality; and 3) Economic context of rape, explaining how poverty and unemployment are cited as some of contributing factors exposing women to socio-economic vulnerability, such as engaging in transactional sex. From the cited studies, 03 study themes emanated from the conducted empirical fieldworks (FGDs), namely: 1) Unlawful high prevalence of rape activities, 2) Rape committed against the will of potential victims, and 3) Rape involving physical intercourse or other forms of sexual penetrations carried out against any potential victim’s will. This study recommends that youth in the selected study locations should be trained and educated to become peer educators to learn more about the nature rape, it is hoped that this can enhance understanding of this phenomenon in their respective communities, while promoting gender equality in an attempt to urgently re-address the 03 existing characteristics of this scourge. Equally, the utilisation of biological evidence against rape cases can be touted as one of modern interventions to offer proper and successful investigation of this crime. This can be enhanced by improving by information exchange gathered through closer collaborations, interactions, intelligence and enforcement practices, while providing better understanding of the nature and extent of this scourge.


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How to Cite
Mamabolo, S. N., Maluleke, W., Lekgau, K., & Ngoveni, T. D. (2022). The Nature of Rape in the Mankweng Policing Areas of Limpopo Province, South Africa. International Journal of Social Science Research and Review, 5(6), 85-101.